Between 2005 and 2015, 73 patients who underwent antegrade sclerotherapy were retrospectively evaluated. Patient age, side, clinical and Doppler ultrasound grade, and anatomical variations
were collected. Varicoceles were grouped following Coolsaet’s classification: all types were sclerosed. Follow-up consisted in clinical examination 3 and 6 months following surgery and testicular
Doppler ultrasound 6 and 12 months following surgery. Patients were then telephonically interviewed. Success was defined as varicocele resolution or reduction to a grade not requiring surgery.